The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (IPPC Directive 2008/1/EC) was transposed into the legislation of the Republic of Serbia through the Law on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, adopted in December 2004 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia No. 135/2004 and 25/2015). This Law regulates the conditions and procedures for issuing integrated permits for facilities and activities that may have negative effects on human health, the environment and material assets, types of activities and installations, supervision and other issues that are of relevance for environmental pollution prevention and control. Integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC) concerns new or existing industrial activities with a high pollution potential, as defined in Regulation on Types of activities and installations for which an integrated permit is issued (O.G. of RS, No. 84/2005).
With more than 70 farms which are obliged to obtain integrated permit, the intensive rearing of poultry and pigs is the sector with the biggest number of IPPC installations in Serbia.
The new Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), which the European Parliament adopted on October 25, 2010, has not still been transposed into the legislation of the Republic of Serbia, but it will be an obligation in the coming period and according to NPAA (National Plan for Adoption of Acqui) full transposition should be finished until June 2018. Activities related to the intensive rearing of poultry and pigs from the IPPC Directive, have remained in the new Directive.
The competency for the issuance of integrated permits is divided between the IPPC Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection and Local Self-Governments (LSGs). LSGs are considered as the Competent Authorities for installations included in the IPPC categories related to food production and intensive rearing, rendering and surface treatment activities.