Component 2 – Technical activities
Activity 2.1: Preparation of a BAT Guidance
The activity aims to analyse the BAT related to the intensive rearing of poultry and pigs and to select a tailored set of measures that will support the operators in choosing the most appropriate BAT and ensuring the compliance with associated applicable emission limits. A comprehensive analysis of the different types of poultry and pig farming in Serbia will be undertaken, on technological and environmental level. The analysis will identify the most common production techniques adopted by the operators and the main environmental issues affected by the sector. The results of the analysis of vertical and horizontal BREFs, applicable to farming sector, will be used to prepare a guidance for the BAT assessment in different type of installations related to intensive rearing, including a brief description of the most important BAT and specific checklists to be used by the operators for the BAT assessment in their installations. Special emphasis will be on specific issues such as manure management.
Activity 2.2: Preparation of the Application Form Guidance and Related Documents
The aim of the activity is preparation of specific templates for the technical documents related to the implementation of the IPPC/IED in the intensive rearing sector. These documents will be prepared in accordance with the current Regulations and will be aimed to simplify and adapt the required application form to the specific aspects of intensive rearing. The team of experts will prepare a guidance which will describe how to collect the necessary technical and environmental information, fill the tables and prepare the reports mandatory for the submission of the application for the integrated permit.
Activity 2.3: Preparation of Energy Efficiency Guidance
Energy efficiency guidance will include tools such as: check list for operators in order to perform self-audit, how to use benchmarks, how to establish specific indicators and how to monitor and record them. This document will also include energy efficiency options applicable to intensive rearing sector such as waste heat recuperation, use of low-carbon energy sources such as biogas, measures related to electricity reduction etc. Beside the guidance, team of experts will prepare a template for energy efficiency plan that is an integral part of the IPPC application. The guidance and proposed template will be tested to prepare the energy efficiency plans for 10 selected installations.
Activity 2.4: Support in the Preparation of 10 Draft IPPC Applications for Different Type of Operators – Pig and Poultry Farms
The project team in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection will identify 10 IPPC operators of different types and support them in the preparation of the documents required by the application form. Selection of operators will be taken according to defined criteria such as type of farm, geographical location, status of IPPC application, documents and necessary permits and willingness of operator to cooperate during all stages of the project. The special attention will be on the collection of environmental information, BAT assessment and proposed ELVs, required plans (energy efficiency, waste management, safety…) and monitoring activities. The activity will be carried out involving also the Competent Authorities and Inspection in order to enhance their capacity.
Activity 2.5: Assist in Drafting 10 Permits for Selected Farms, Based on Submitted Applications
The team of experts will prepare the draft of the integrated permit for 10 IPPC farms selected during the Inception phase, giving priority to those who already have obtained the required additional permits (usage permit, water permit…) and according to the criteria defined during the Inception phase. The project team will support the Competent Authority in the preparation of the administrative and technical part of the permit, setting the conditions and possible Emission Limit Values as well as the monitoring requirements. The activity will be carried out adopting the learning-by-doing approach, means that project experts will work in strict cooperation with permit writers in order to provide them with practical principles of integrated permitting.
Activity 2.6: Support to Environmental Inspection
The team of experts will analyse existing procedures and forms for environmental inspections on IPPC operators and provide further recommendations for their adaptation to the specific characteristics of intensive rearing installations. A check-list for environmental inspection for the intensive rearing sector according to the IPPC/IED will be developed.
In order to provide an additional, practical support, 10 joint environmental inspections will be carried out in strict cooperation with the Inspectorate on selected IPPC farms.
Activity 2.7: Technical support to Water permitting
The activity will analyse existing procedures and technical contents of water consent and permits issued by the Competent Authorities at national, provincial and City level in order to compare them with the findings and outcomes of the previous activities of the project related to water and manure management in IPPC farms. A team of local and international experts, will prepare a guidance to provide the Competent Authorities at all levels with further recommendations for a correct assessment and preparation of water consent and permit in compliance with the requirements of IED.